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Uploading Files

Pode's inbuilt middleware supports parsing a request's body/payload and query string, and this also extends to uploading files via a <form>. Like how POST data can be accessed in a Route via the web event as $WebEvent.Data[<name>], uploaded files can be accessed via $WebEvent.Files[<filename>].


In order for uploaded files to work, your <form> must contain the enctype="multipart/form-data" property.

Web Form

The following HTML is an example of a <form> for a simple sign-up flow. Here the form will POST the username, password, and an avatar (our file to upload).

        <title>Sign Up</title>
        <form action="/signup" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
                <input type="text" name="username" />
                <input type="password" name="password" />
                <input type="file" name="avatar" />
                <input type="submit" value="Submit" />

The inputs will be POSTed to the server, and accessible via the web event's .Data and .Files.

For the .Data:

$WebEvent.Data['username']     # the username entered
$WebEvent.Data['password']     # the password entered
$WebEvent.Data['avatar']       # the name of the file (assume image.png)

For the .Files:

$WebEvent.Files['image.png']   # the bytes of the uploaded file

Multiple Files

You can upload multiple files from one <form> by either supplying multiple file <input> fields, or by using the multiple property in a file <input>.

If you use the multiple property then all the file names will be available under the same $WebEvent.Data key. When you use Save-PodeRequestFile on this key, all of the files will be saved at once.


You can upload files from the CLI by using Invoke-WebRequest (or Invoke-RestMethod), and to do so you'll need to pass the -Form parameter. Assuming you have the following Route to save some "avatar" file:

Start-PodeServer {
    Add-PodeEndpoint -Address * -Port 8085 -Protocol Http

    Add-PodeRoute -Method Post -Path '/upload' -ScriptBlock {
        Save-PodeRequestFile -Key 'avatar'

You can call this Route by using the following Invoke-WebRequest command to save the uploaded file:

Invoke-WebRequest -Uri "http://localhost:8085/upload" -Method Post -Form @{ avatar = (Get-Item .\path\to\file.png) }

You can also achieve the same results with curl:

curl http://localhost:8085/upload -F avatar=@"C:\path\to\file.png"


Inbuilt Save

The following script is an example Pode server that will save the uploaded file, from the above <form>:

Start-PodeServer {

    # listen on localhost:8085
    Add-PodeEndpoint -Address * -Port 8085 -Protocol Http
    Set-PodeViewEngine -Type HTML

    # GET request for web page on "localhost:8085/"
    Add-PodeRoute -Method Get -Path '/' -ScriptBlock {
        Write-PodeViewResponse -Path 'signup'

    # POST request to save the avatar and create user
    Add-PodeRoute -Method Post -Path '/signup' -ScriptBlock {
        # do some logic here to create user
        New-User -Username $WebEvent.Data['username'] -Password $WebEvent.Data['password']

        # upload the avatar - this will retrieve the filename from $WebEvent.Data,
        # and the bytes from $WebEvent.Files, saving to the server's root path
        Save-PodeRequestFile -Key 'avatar'


Custom Save

If you need to save the uploaded file elsewhere, then you can retrieve the raw bytes of the avatar file as follows:

Add-PodeRoute -Method Post -Path '/upload' -ScriptBlock {
    # using .Data will get you the file's name
    $filename = $WebEvent.Data['avatar']

    # with the filename, you can get the file's bytes from .File
    # as well as the Bytes, you can also get the ContentType
    $bytes = $WebEvent.Files[$filename].Bytes

    # with the bytes, you can upload the file where ever you want